Humour plays an important role in a comedy films which usually has a pleased ending with the exception of black comedy. Comedy is among the oldest genres in film with the first silent movie being fully a comedy. Comedy lays emphasis on individual performers, with a number of stand-up comedians turning to films due to their popularity.
Comedy films employ a lighthearted script with the only purpose of entertaining. However other comedy films carry a social or political message like wag the dog and man of the year.
William Shakespeare’s Much Ado about Nothing is regarded as the first comedy of manners, however the genre actually became prominent during the Restoration period. The plot of the comedy consists of an illicit affair or some other controversy or gossip. The witty dialogues of the comedy is more important than the story.
In a specific sort of comedy the key character or characters end up confronting a unique situation which causes humour. Such situations may arise like with the exchange grown ups cast 3 of gender roles as in Tootsie (1982); changing age role, as in Big (1988); a person enjoying freedom put in a structured atmosphere as in Police Academy (1984).
A parody or spoof is really a comedy film that uses sarcasm, stereotype and jeering of scenes from other films. Blazing Saddles (1974), Airplane! (1980) and Young Frankenstein (1974) are examples in this genre.
The anarchic comedy film employs meaningless and ridiculous, stream-of-consciousness humor which frequently satirises some type of authority. These types of films have comes from a theatrical history of anarchic staged comedy. Prominent films in this category includes Duck Soup (1933), National Lampoon’s Animal House (1978), Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975).
Black comedy films satirises death, murder, suicide and war which are usually regarded as the prohibited subjects. Examples include Arsenic and Old Lace (1944), Monsieur Verdoux (1947), Kind Hearts and Coronets (1949), The Ladykillers (1955).
Gross-out films are of recent origin and deals with sex and toilet humour. There’s Something About Mary (1998), and American Pie (1999) are examples in this genre.
The romantic comedy revolves around the connection between man and woman. The light-hearted romantic comedies usually shows social interactions and sexual tensions involving the couple. Samples of this type of film include It is a Wonderful World (1939), The Shop Around the Corner (1940), Sabrina (1954), When Harry Met Sally… (1989), Pretty Woman (1990).